A reminder of the challenges regarding chronic diseases, and the need for these to be addresses at the societal, community and individual levels, i.e., beyond healthcare and more emphasis on prevention. Quote:
Chronic diseases, including heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes and respiratory illnesses, top the global health agenda. The World Health Organization attributes no less than 89 per cent of all Canadian deaths to these diseases, which are known as a “wicked problem” for health authorities because of the overlap of so many disparate disease determinants, originating at so many levels, from individual behaviour to international trade and wealth distribution.
Determinants include genetics, epidemiology, environment, social inequity, health literacy, behavioural risk factors and even the social networks that influence our attitudes on health and lifestyle. Policymakers must expand the scope of action beyond health care to confront the intersection of circumstances where individuals live and work.